Jan. 18th, 2012

karenhealey: Rainbow Dash overcome with excitement (My Little Pony) (Default)
Internets, do you know what really irks me? Banning books. Any books. I think banning books is wrong, even if I think the books themselves are hideous.

In this case, the books are far from hideous: they are Tucson public school textbooks. They are fiction and non-fiction. There are lists available here and here, courtesy AICL - those I have read are all great. They are by Native, Latin@ and other PoC writers, and White writers - including Shakespeare.

And they are being boxed up and removed from classrooms because, through imposing massive economic penalties, the State of Arizona essentially decreed the shutting down of Tucson's amazingly popular and nationally acclaimed Ethnic Studies/Mexican American Studies program.

Arizona's Superintendent of Public Instruction John Huppenthal has decided the program “promotes resentment toward a class of people,” and “promotes the overthrow of the U.S. government.” Mr Huppenthal says the classes assert that "Latino minorities have been and continue to be oppressed by a Caucasian majority."

While I'd be very surprised if this was the sole focus of the classes, I imagine that they do touch upon White oppression of Latin@ minorities because that happens to be... true. Way to prove otherwise by banning study and question, Mr Huppenthal! No oppression here, no siree.

"“We would find it nearly impossible for them to cure the program,” Mr Huppenthal told the LA Times. “The problems are so widespread and so deep that it would be very difficult.”

Would that be the problem of teaching children to think critically about history and ethnicity? Or the problem of being wildly successful in raising the overall academic profile of those students who participate? As Debbie Reese of American Indians in Children's Literature points out:

On December 29, 2011, Amy Goodman quoted from the audit [of the program]:

"[A] Tucson Unified School District audit found its Mexican American Studies program gives students a measurable advantage over their peers. The audit was conducted by David Scott, the district’s director of accountability and research. In it, he wrote, quote, "Juniors taking a Mexican American Studies course are more likely than their peers to pass the [state’s standardized] reading and writing ... test if they had previously failed those tests in their sophomore year," and that "Seniors taking a Mexican American Studies course are more likely to persist to graduation than their peers."


Moreover, Reese notes that the independent auditor hired to check out the program recommended it continue: "Cambium [Learning Ltd] was hired by the district to do the audit. They recommended the Mexican American Studies program be continued. The superintendent disagreed with the audit findings and shut the program down."

Bill Bigelow, an editor of one of the banned books, Rethinking Columbus, points out that this is the first time the book has been banned by a school district in its twenty-year plus history. Bigelow says:

... the last time a book of mine was outlawed was during the state of emergency in apartheid South Africa in 1986, when the regime there banned the curriculum I’d written, Strangers in Their Own Country, likely because it included excerpts from a speech by then-imprisoned Nelson Mandela. Confronting massive opposition at home and abroad, the white minority government feared for its life in 1986. It’s worth asking what the school authorities in Arizona fear today.


Save Ethnic Studies is fighting the order through the legal systems. Their website has a LOT of information and a number of documents relating to the situation, including the state audit and Huppenthal's Statement of Finding.

Save Ethnic Studies is accepting donations.

I spend a month or two in Tucson most years, that being the home of BFF Robyn. Since she runs a martial arts school, I know a number of Tucson teens and kids, many of whom are Mexican-American. They and their peers cannot now participate in classes studying their heritage and ethnicity, question the dominant narratives of white-dominated America, and learn in an environment which has been proven to measurably improve their scores. This moves me from "irked" to "absolutely furious".

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